The Marine Conservation Program at Guinjata Dive Centre is a dedicated program actively involved in the preservation of Mozambique’s and the world’s marine environment.
We call our planet, earth, but 97% of the Earth’s water, and approximately 72% of the planets surface is covered by the ocean, when viewed from space, earth is blue.
A beautiful blue pearl full of life, the only planet that we know of that supports life. Under the vast blue space of are worlds oceans, lies the oldest, and most complex ecosystem on the planet. The ocean is where life is thought to have started, three billion years prior to life on land; indeed, the saltiness of our blood is a testament to a connection with the sea dating from long ago.It is believed that microscopic algae in the ocean were the first forms of life, on earth. The algae started photosynthesizing, and producing oxygen. The oxygen produced and carbon reduced over time, began to stabilize the environment, to allow suitable conditions for more life to evolve and thrive. New species evolved, becoming more complex and diverse, creating more complex symbiotic relationships, food chains and food webs, and formed new habitats and ecosystems in the ocean. Eventually life was able to adapt and survive all over, from the coldest, ice bound poles to the warmest tropical seas, from the surface to the deepest trenches were no light penetrates. From the tiniest plankton to the largest animal on earth: the blue whale, our oceans, became teaming with life. Ocean currents, tides, water temperature, salinity, depth, and the distance from shore, strongly influence the biodiversity of the plants and animals present in each region. The different marine habitats are also influenced by this, in warm shallow water, spectacular coral reefs form, and in cool temperate water massive forest of kelp. Over time, competition for survival in the marine ecosystem began to increase, and organism started to adapt to living on land. The terrestrial environment evolved under the same principles as the marine environment. The marine environment however, has a much more complex and bio-diverse ecosystem, than that on land, because life in the sea has had more time to evolve.
The ocean also significant influences that effect the terrestrial land environment. Ocean currents and water temperature affects the planets climate, weather and wind patterns. Oceanic evaporation is the source of most of the world’s rainfall, and effects floods and droughts. The Bio diversity and abundance of life in the marine ecosystems in the ocean is immense; it supports the largest bio-mass on the planet, witch supports half the worlds human population . We are only just now beginning to understand it. Only about 5% of the ocean has been explored. We know more about the surface of the moon, then the bottom of the Ocean. What we do know is life can not exist with out it, a powerful force of Mother Nature that deserves the highest level of respect.